If not, it risks being a superficial symbolic change which ends up disavowing the reality of continuing inequality and racism. Dundee DD1 4HN. We should pluck out the offending elements so that we can ‘move on’. Strategically, it would be effective to change George Street, named after George III, to Joseph Knight Street. Alasdair Pettinger’s recent project details Frederick Douglass’ crucial anti-slavery meetings in Scotland and Dundee in particular. At its most vulgar, Africans were seen as brutes, closer to the animals, requiring to be treated with force—a legacy which haunts the stories of both George Floyd and Sheku Bayoh. Scotland’s slavery past among Transatlantic Movements to be traced. The match starts at 18:00 on 27 January 2021. Meet one on one with one of our expert librarians and get help with your research. Knight’s story is the subject of a historical novel by James Robertson (2003) and a new play by May Sumbwanyambe. Moore took part in the massive naval expedition which saved the slave system. P art cliff face, part galleon, the new V&A Dundee stands on the banks of the Tay like a curious craft sailed in from another realm. The panel will be chaired by Dr Susan Mains, Curator of Moving Jamaica and a Lecturer in Human Geography at the University, who said, “The exhibition serves as a starting point for further creative discussions about transatlantic identities, images and spaces. In 1823, twenty six years after Moore’s efforts in St Lucia, Campbell was one of the highest ranking officers during the excessively bloodthirsty crushing of the Demerara slave rebellion of 1823. The statue of Edward Colston in Bristol, toppled on 7 June 2020. At Dundee City Council’s Policy & Resources Committee I was proud to second my Scottish Co-operative Party colleague Councillor Richard McCready on the motion to get the council to sign up to the Charter Against Modern Slavery. Yet the story we tell ourselves is that Britain has brought the light of civilization to the dark corners of the world as ours was a liberal empire. Dundee City Council's leader says he was "horrified" to learn of his hometown's historic ties to the slave trade after anti-racism activists scrutinised a prominent local statue. But it’s increasingly clear that slavery and anti-slavery have been a shaping factor across every part of Scotland. Not sure if uni or college is for you? Radio: Billy Kay’s Scotland’s Black History is on Youtube. In an act which Alan Rice calls ‘guerrilla memorialisation’, Ingram Street became anti-slavery icon ‘Harriet Tubman Street’; Wilson Street became civil rights activist ‘Rosa Parks Street’; Glassford Street became the Black Panther ‘Fred Hampton Street’. The family’s long-standing justice campaign has been relaunched. If you have a query for our Dundee team or would like to arrange an initial meeting, please complete the short form below and a … My own part in this comes from walking tours I conduct of the statues of George Square in Glasgow. “Recent debates revaluating Scottish involvement in Caribbean slavery, and contemporary discussions addressing the possibilities for transatlantic cultural and political collaboration, highlight the importance of documenting and engaging with diverse geographies and histories.”. Belfast, Dundee and Exeter are the most likely cities to become leading UK tech hubs this year, according to a new study that experts say should be used to steer Britain's levelling-up agenda. I note however that Glasgow does have an abundance of street names associated with aristocrats. Secondly, in terms of street names, it is clearly desirable to have a wider variety of people honoured. The University of Dundee is an institution of higher education. Smith became a martyr for the relaunched anti-slavery campaigns in the 1820s. Dundee Historian wins Local History Prize! There is a large scope for stalling with this as was the case with Colston, hence the more direct act of public intervention. There is much work to do, in Scotland as much as anywhere. In the 17th century, Scotland made several attempts to found its own colonies in the Americas, though its capabilities did not match its ambitions. The event will commence with an introduction to Moving Jamaica at Lamb Gallery before moving on to the presentations and discussion in the Baxter Suite. In 2019, Glasgow City Council commissioned Dr Mullen to conduct a similar report for the city itself, including an audit of street names and monuments with tangible connections to slavery. Labour councils have jumped swiftly to audit their statues, and Dumfries-born slaver Robert Milligan has already gone from London’s West India docks. University of Dundee Nethergate Dundee Scotland, UK DD1 4HN About Jobs Events Stories Responses usually break down into 3 main types. The picture is further confused by false equivalences between oppressed groups in Scotland, for example indentured servants, cleared Highlanders, or Glasgow slum-dwellers held to be much the same as enslaved chattel on the plantations. Scotland’s involvement in the Atlantic slave trade is among the topics that will be explored by University of Dundee academics and local artists at a public debate next week. How can we help? Following the acquittal of Trayvon Martin’s murderer in 2013, African-American activists developed a new campaign with a name that is poignant in its starkness: Black Lives Matter (BLM). Dundee FC - Heart of Midlothian Follow the Scottish Championship live Football match between Dundee FC and Heart of Midlothian with Eurosport. B: We should remove statues and change street names associated with slavery. Scores, stats and comments in real time. This statement sets out the University’s actions and commitment to understanding p… Jesus didn’t overthrow the system of slavery, or the Roman occupation but did turn the world upside down through love and service. In 1707, Scotland joined England in an alliance that would terrorise the globe. In The History of White People, Nell Irvin Painter shows that these ‘confused and flexible’ ideas of race often emerged from the key question of work. Did you know - Dundee was the 1st place in the world to outlaw slavery, 55 years before the slavery bill was passed in London. International solidarity protests link the global with the local to expand from calls for justice for George Floyd to demand a full reckoning with structural and personal racism in our own respective towns and countries. On April 13th SI Dundee members supported Dundee Presbytery’s Modern Slavery Conference. Black Lives Matter will have to go further: to take on the white supremacy which anti-slavery left intact. Leading Human Rights lawyer Aamer Anwar, who represents the Bayoh family, observes: Over the years, there has been a deliberate attempt to demonise the black person who dies in police custody with references made to their ‘superhuman’ strength, ‘zombie-like’ or ‘animalistic’ behaviour – all of these were present in the Sheku Bayoh case. Dr Michael Morris is a member of Black Atlantic Research Dundee, and the author of Scotland and the Caribbean (2015). Seven Deadly Tales: Halloween with Walter Scott, The Bandit of Callander: Crime and Marginality in Restoration Scotland, ‘Scotch Songs’ and English Perceptions of Scotland in the Restoration. In truth, these conflations are nothing new and were used by pro-slavery advocates to justify slavery from the beginning. For me, it’s a strategic question of what is the most effective way to avow that history and combat continuing inequalities and racism. The effects for those depicted as racially inferior is devastating. The tour tries to use the statues to demonstrate that it’s not just a question of individual slave-traders, but that slavery and abolition are woven through George Square’s public memory of commerce, politics, science, militarism, industrialisation, academia and literature. ... materials and employee-related supply chains comply with the Modern Slavery Act 2105 and are transparent, accountable and auditable in their business. Written by Editorial Team 19/08/2015. 03 Nov, 2020, The Crook of Devon Witches 1.Modern slavery is a crime and a violation of fundamental human rights. 23 Nov, 2020, Dundee Historian wins Local History Prize! If you would like to make a contribution to our blog, please contact Dr Allan Kennedy: Exploring the ongoing impact of Scottish innovation & creativity, © Copyright 2014 University of Dundee - The University of Dundee is a Scottish Registered Charity, No. It is worth noting that statues are often moved and street names changed for a variety of reasons, they are not as permanent as they seem. 12 Oct, 2020, Tales from the Dundas Archives 2 Publishing Success for our PhD Researcher! There is a real power to this argument which would bring many successes. The exhibition remains open at the Lamb Gallery until Saturday 19 January. ... Plans are being drafted for a museum of slavery that will explore Scotland’s ties … On returning to Scotland, Wedderburn brought Knight with him to serve him at Ballindean House in Perthshire. A bronze effigy of an infamous and prolific slave trader dragged through the streets of a city built on the wealth of that trade, and then dumped, like the victims of the Middle Passage, into the water. Young (eds. Joseph Knight was a slave living in Dundee from jamaica. In the wake of the video showing the death of George Floyd under the knee of a police officer in the city of Minneapolis, the latest in a long line of outrages, there has been a surge of support for the BLM movement across the world. For example, the statue of Sir John Moore is best known for his valour in the Napoleonic Wars, though he was previously involved in crushing slave rebellions. To name a few, there is George Square of course, and George Street and West George Street; Hanover Street and North Hanover Street; North Frederick Street and South Frederick Street; King Street, Queen Street and Duke Street. Modern Slavery Act 2015 (the “2015 Act”) requires organisations who meet certain criteria to publish an annual statement outlining the steps taken by the organisation to ensure slavery and human trafficking is not taking place within the organisation or in any of its supply chains. Scottish Registered Charity, No. He gave a speech to Dundee voters in 1831 that set out his anti-slavery views, Mr Ellery said. 10 Nov, 2020, Publishing Success for our PhD Researcher! Finally Dunlop Street became ‘Joseph Knight Street’. The match starts at … Did you know - Dundee was the 1st place in the world to outlaw slavery, 55 years before the slavery bill was passed in London. For one example, in Joseph Knight’s trial, the archival records show that Wedderburn’s lawyers argued that Scots Law already sanctioned slavery in relation to colliers, an argument which Knight’s lawyers successfully countered. Five years on, the Lord Advocate ruled that no police officer would face any charges, and the family is still waiting for the results of a public inquiry. TV: David Hayman’s Slavery: Scotland’s Hidden Shame for BBC, Webpage: https://www.bulldozia.com/douglass-in-scotland/, N. Davidson (ed. The British empire expanded through violence, its initial riches were produced by transporting enslaved people from Africa to labour in the plantations of the Caribbean where their legal status was merely chattel. Now is the time to commission a tribute to Joseph Knight and Ann Thomson in Dundee. Slavery is present yet absent, constantly being turned up only to be re-buried again. In Scotland, we must condemn the killing of George Floyd and send full solidarity to the Black Lives Matter movement. This has been troubling on a number of levels as in Scotland there are further layers to the disavowal of empire. Each panellist will outline the ways in which their work helps illustrate complex transatlantic relationships before a discussion with audience members takes place. Scotland and Slavery. Find out what else you can do. Kenneth Morgan, Slavery, Atlantic Trade and the British Economy, 1660-1800 (Cambridge University Press, 2001) Iain Whyte, Scotland and the Abolition of Black Slavery, 1756-1838 (Edinburgh University Press, 2006) Frances Wilkins, Dumfries and Galloway and the Transatlantic Slave … Beside him stands the statue of Lord Clyde Campbell, best known for holding the ‘thin red line’ of troops in Crimea. Whatley, ‘The Dark Side of the Enlightenment: Sorting Out Serfdom’, in T.M. Strides have been made in Scotland in recent years. At its most insidious, Africans were portrayed as simple creatures requiring to be led like children. Joseph Knight was a slave living in Dundee from jamaica. This led to a partnership with the University of the West Indies promoting a programme of reparative justice and the founding of the Glasgow- Caribbean Centre for Development Research. Rather than removing statues to a museum, there is nothing to stop challenging, nuanced, sophisticated histories being expressed in public spaces. Are all these strictly necessary? In 2018, the University of Glasgow published Dr Stephen Mullen’s report on the origin of funds coming in to the university with connections to slavery. See list of US and UK charities for donations. That much is true, but it should be obvious that it’s the symbolic promotion, usually of ‘great men’, that is under question. His maiden speeches in Parliament were in defence of his father’s slaveholding. Scotland’s reckoning with slavery and empire has largely been focussed, for obvious reasons, on Glasgow. In this sense, the violence of empire can be seen and unseen, present and absent simultaneously; British reliance on slavery is no secret but it is minimised and marginalised at every turn. Sheku Bayoh’s death in police custody on the streets of Kirkcaldy in 2015 bears striking parallels to the death of George Floyd. The Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights (CRER), which has co-ordinated Black History Month in Scotland since 2001, has launched an online Empire Museum. A statue to slave owner George Kinloch MP stands outside the McManus Museum. University of Glasgow History of Slavery Steering Committee (2018), N.I. Dundee (Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Dèagh) is the fourth-largest city in Scotland with a population of around 150,000 people. Celtic ended the calendar year in style with a comprehensive 3-0 win over Dundee United at Paradise today (Wednesday). We have for too long pretended that racial oppression is a thing of the past or no longer relevant here. All 12 of the statues of scientists, soldiers, writers, politicians and royals have a variety of connections to slavery and abolition. The aim of Dundee and Angus College is to provide its communities with the highest possible standard of education, training and learning. In 1999, Christopher Whatley warned against the exaggerations equating this with chattel slavery, noting that colliers received relatively high wages and were able to transfer between collieries. It is open to all residents of the Dundee Central School District. ), Eighteenth Century Scotland: New Perspectives (East Linton, 1999), 259-74, The life of Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore K.B. Alternatives to uni. From the 1920s, Scottish nationalist politics challenged that sanitised vision, but depicted the crimes of empire as English, while the Scots were reluctant, sympathetic, benevolent: the angel on the shoulder of the imperial enterprise.
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